Ludhiana is a city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab, and is the largest city north of New Delhi. Ludhiana is located 98 kilometers (61 mi) west of the state capital Chandigarh on NH 95 and is centrally located on National Highway 1, which runs from the Indian capital New Delhi to Amritsar. The city is also connected to New Delhi by rail service and by air. Ludhiana is now Punjab’s most populated and very rapidly growing metropolitan city. It is on the south bank of the Sutlej River. The city was the sight of a great battle during the first Sikh wars. It was also an important center during the struggle for freedom, and is associated with names like Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh, Baba Santa Singh and Maulana Habibur Rehman. An important industrial town, Ludhiana in Punjab, is Textile and light engineering centre of India. Woolen garment machine tools, dyes, cycle parts, mopeds, sewing machines and motor parts produced here are exported all over the world. Ludhiana accounts for 90% of the country’s woolen hosiery industry.
Punjab’s most populous metropolis, its hosiery goods are in demand in all the markets of the east and the west, which include America and Russia. For its production of hosiery, Ludhiana is also known as the Manchester of India. The world’s largest bicycle manufacturer, Hero Cycles, which produces nearly three million bicycles annually, is based here. The rich agricultural area around it supports a large grain market. Christian Medical College Hospital, established in 1895, was the first school of medicine in Asia. The world famous Punjab Agricultural University is on the edge of the town organizes the Kisan Mela every Year. It has an excellent museum. Ludhiana holds world records in food production. However, Ludhiana’s claim to fame is not its commercial enterprises alone. It is an important pilgrimage center as there are many historic Gurdwaras. There are a number of gurudwaras associated with the life and visits of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Among them the gurudwaras of Charan Kanwal and Manji Sahib are important.